3.10 Globalization

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The term globalization is often applied to the spread of economic, social and cultural ideas across the world, and the growing uniformity between different places that results from this spread. The consequence of globalization is a dilution of economic, social and cultural differences between places.

The concept of globalization generates debate at various levels. Some commentators see it as an agent of growing EMDC government and transnational corporate influence, while others go so far as to deny globalization actually occurs. Therefore, the concept is a contestable one.

Traditionally, a major focus of the study of geography has been describing, analysing and explaining the differences between places. As globalization works to reduce these differences, it becomes an important focus for study by geographers.

This theme examines the spatial aspects of globalization. A detailed study of tourism is used to illustrate globalization in practice.


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