Part 3: Higher Level Extension—Global interactions
(Part 3)

The study of global interactions in this syllabus has a broader perspective than a more conventional study of globalization that emphasizes a linear process involving the domination and the imposition of western culture on the world. In this context global interaction suggests a two-way and complex process whereby cultural traits and commodities may be adopted, adapted or resisted by societies. The process is neither inevitable nor universal.

This HL extension focuses on global interactions, flows and exchanges arising from the disparities that exist between places. It presents important and contestable geographic issues of change in space and time for the HL student to question. This part of the syllabus is divided into seven topics relating to global interactions. Each topic has a conceptual base that is developed through the content.

Topic a: Measuring global interactions: provides an introduction to the course by identifying the level and rate of global interaction.

Topic b: Changing space—the shrinking world: identifies improved information and communications technology and transport as fundamental to all forms of global interaction.

Topics 1 and 2 provide a basis for further study by examining the pattern and process of global interactions and the technology that has enabled it.

Topic c: Global interactions : economic interactions and flows

Topic d: Global interactions: environmental change

Topic e: Globalinteractions : socio-cultural exchanges

Topic f: Globa l interactions: political outcomes

Topics c —f identify the economi c, the environmental, the socio-cultural, and the political consequences of global interactions. They present an alternative perspective on these interactive processes and outcomes and question their inevitability. These topics recognize that the globalization process is not static, but still evolving. They examine the variation in its course and its speed and how it results in different levels of involvement and acceptance. It may be resisted and rejected in some countries or sub-regions where local forces may re-assert themselves as a reaction against the loss of distinctiveness and sovereignty.

Topic g: Global interactions at the local level : examines responses to the two-way global interactions operating at more local scales. Global interactions may encounter local obstacles and resistance, which modify them and result in hybridized outcomes. This topic involves local investigation.